In a statement released on Tuesday evening, Netanyahu’s security cabinet set out a series of conditions which appeared to complicate Egypt-sponsored efforts to end a decade-long split between Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas’s Fatah movement, which rules in the West Bank, and the Islamist group Hamas, which has been in control of Gaza.
“Following previous decisions, the Israeli government will not hold political talks with a Palestinian government that is supported by Hamas, a terror organisation calling for the destruction of Israel,” the statement read.
Israel’s lengthy list of preconditions for any negotiations includes a number of demands:
- That Hamas recognise Israel and “desist from terrorism”.
- The group’s disarmament.
- The return of bodies of Israeli soldiers and Israeli civilians held by Hamas.
- That Gaza be placed under the full security control of Abbas’s Palestinian Authority, including border crossings to prevent smuggling.
The issue of the disarmament of Hamas’s 25,000-strong armed wing was already a key issue in the Palestinian reconciliation negotiations.
Although it is being pushed by Abbas himself, most observers see it as one of the most difficult sticking points. Unlike Hamas, the Palestine Liberation Organisation – which Abbas leads – has recognised Israel.
Diplomats had been cautiously optimistic that the Palestinian reconciliation negotiations hosted by Cairo might trigger positive steps for internal Palestinian politics – and ultimately could lead to a renewed effort in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process.
According to Israeli media reports, the security cabinet also authorised Netanyahu to consider taking punitive steps against the Palestinian Authority in the event of a unity government being formed – including potentially withholding funds.
It stopped short, however, of demands from Naftali Bennett, the leader of Israel’s far-right Jewish Home party, to sever all links with the Palestinian Authority.
Although peace negotiations between Israel and the Palestinian Authority have been frozen since 2014, the Israeli demands would appear to have killed any hopes of movement. Most analysts believe that any renewed peace progress requires both Palestinian internal reconciliation and negotiations with Israel.
The statement is in line with previous moves by Netanyahu, who has often sought to impose preconditions on Palestinians for any movement on the peace process.
“There are no secret clauses in the reconciliation understanding, and what the occupation published on the resistance halting in the West Bank is not true,” senior Hamas spokesperson Husam Badran told Palestinian news website Quds News Network.
“The position to choose resistance is not connected to any person or entity, but rather it is the position of the entire Palestinian people to decide. The natural situation is that when there is an occupation, there will be a resistance to confront it,” said Badran.
The Israeli statement came just days after Tony Blair, the former British prime minister, said for the first time that he and other world leaders were wrong to yield to Israeli pressure to impose an immediate boycott of Hamas after the Islamist faction won Palestinian elections in 2006.